Hello Everyone. It is a national holiday in India today and the reason is well known to everyone. Today is the most important day in Indian history. Today is the day ,71 years ago in 1947, Indians got Independence from British rule. Since then, we Indians have been celebrating this day together every year on 15th August by hoisting Tricolor . Today here, I have tried to sum-up everything about Indian Flag. Lets begin..
Evolution of Tri-color
It has 6 steps till we reach out to Tri-color as our National flag.
- First National flag of India hoisted in the Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta (now Kolkata) on 7th August 1906. The flag was comprised of three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green (with lotus flowers ,sun and moon symbols).
- Second National flag was hoisted by Madame Bhikaji Cama and her band of exiled revolutionaries in 1907 in Paris. This flag was similar to the first one but with one exception. It had seven stars denoting Saptarishi. This flag was also exhibited as Berlin committee flag.
- Third National flag was hoisted by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak when our political struggle had taken a definite turn during Home Rule Movement in 1917. This flag had five red and four green horizontal strips with seven stars of Saptarishi, with white crescent and a Union Jack.
- Forth Flag was made by an Andhra youth and presented before Mahatma Gandhi during the session of the All India Congress Committee in 1921 at Bezwada (now Vijayawada). The flag represented two major communities i.e., Hindus and Muslims as red and green. Gandhiji suggested an addition of a white strip to represent rest of the communities of India and a spinning wheel to symbolise progress of the nation.
- The year 1931 was a landmark in the history of the flag. A resolution was passed adopting a tricolor flag as our national flag.This was similar to the present tricolour with saffron, white and green stripes with Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel at the centre. The flag bore no communal significance. This flag was also the battle ensign of the Indian National Army.
- On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted it as Free India National Flag. After the advent of Independence, the colours and their significance remained the same. Only the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka was adopted in place of the spinning wheel as the emblem on the flag. Thus, the tricolour flag of the Congress Party eventually became the tricolour flag of Independent India.
Colors of the flag:
- The top band is of Saffron color, indicating the strength and courage of the country.
- The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra.
- The last band is green in color shows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land.
- The chakra is of navy blue colour
The Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation. It is known to 24 spokes in the wheel (the chakra).
Dimension of the tricolor:
- There are nine standard sizes of the flag are specified by law. (150 *100 mm and 6300*4200 mm being the smallest and largest)
- The Indian national flag should always be in a proportion of 2:3 (breath:length).
- All the three bands should be of equal width.
- The diameter of the chakra approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.
Material of the flag:
By law, the flag is to be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun cloth or silk, made popular by Mahatma Gandhi. Khadi or hand-spun cloth is the only material allowed to be used for the flag, and flying a flag made of any other material is punishable by law with imprisonment up to three years, besides a fine. Raw materials for khadi are restricted to cotton, silk and wool.
Currently, Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha (KKGSS) based in Hubli,Karnataka is the only licensed flag production and supply unit in India. All the flags that are to be hoisted in any official Ceremony are being made by KKGSS as per the BIS( Bureau of Indian Standards). They make flags worth Rs. 1 Crore every year in all the nine dimensions.
Flag Code of India 2002::
On 26th January 2002, the Indian flag code was modified and after several years of independence, the citizens of India were finally allowed to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories on any day and not just National days as was the case earlier. Now Indians can proudly display the national flag any where and any time, as long as the provisions of the Flag Code are strictly followed to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour.
There are some Do’s and Don’ts by the flag code 2002.
- The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.
- A member of public, a private organization or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag.
- Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens to fly the flag on their premises.
- The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes. As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather.
- The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or back of vehicles, trains, boats or aircraft.
- No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object, including flowers or garlands or emblems can be placed on or above the flag. The tricolour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette or bunting.
Protocols for Displaying the Indian National Flag:
The Flag Code India (2002), Prevention of Improper Use of Emblems and Names Act (1950), and the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act (1971) govern the display, representation and handling of the Indian National Flag. The Do’s and Don’ts of handling the Indian National Flag are as follows:
1. The national flag should be displayed upright with the Saffron strip facing the top in horizontal representations and left in the vertical representations. The flag should never be displayed upside down.
2. The Flag should be displayed on the right as this is the position of authority when indoor.
3. When carried in a procession the National Flag should be borne by marching right or otherwise by a lone marcher in the center.
4. The flag cannot be used as drapery or clothing.
5. The flag should be hoisted down prior to sunset and erected again after sunrise.
6. The flag pole for National Flag should be placed at the highest point of the building.
7. Private institutions may display the national flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise, consistent with the dignity and honor of the National Flag.
8. Post amendment of the Flag Code in 2002, Individual citizens may also hoist/display the Indian National Flag in their premises
9. The flag may be flown half-mast as a sign of mourning the decision of which lies with the President of India.
10. The National Flag of India must be displayed on Republic Day (January 26), Independence Day(August 15), Gandhi Jayanti (October 2), State formation Anniversaries and National Week.
11. On the occasion of armed forces personnel funerals the National flag should be draped over the coffin, with the saffron towards the head. However, the National Flag should never be lowered into the grave or burnt in the pyre.
12. Soiled National Flag may be disposed as a whole in private preserving the dignity of the same and should not be done disrespectfully.
Significance of the National Flag
The National Flag of India represents the concept of secularism that the country was built upon. The austerity of the rectangular tricolor underlines the rich spiritual and philosophical history of India. The basis of the flag is the Swaraj Flag, adopted by the Indian National Congress during the Indian Freedom Struggle movement under Gandhi and is reminiscent of the same.
HAPPY INDEPENDENCE DAY 2018
Until next time.